PESCO – New power raising in Europe Featured
PESCO (Permanent Structured Cooperation) as an instrument relevant for the security of the EU and its citizens became reality on 13th November 2017 when 23 EU member states signed a common notification. This step allows Union to build structured defence system which will include active military personnel. EU army subject kept coming back in debates over last few years in European parlament, but not so much in public domain.
EU MPs often quote Sir Winston Churchill trying to hide their ambition of EU becoming superstate and the fact that European Union is not project about peace, but it’s a project about power. Did UK post war leader really want to build army lead by bureaucrats from Brussels? EU MPs deliberately omit some important parts of sir Churchill’s speech. He picked phrases out of the context and presented to EU parliament like they would naturally fit into current political situation.
Part of speech given by Winston Churchill at the European rally in Amsterdam (9 May 1948)
“…We hope to see a Europe where men of every country will think as much of being a European as of belonging to their native land, and that without losing any of their love and loyalty of their birthplace. We hope wherever they go in this wide domain, to which we set no limits in the European Continent, they will truly feel "Here I am at home. I am a citizen of this country too…
… The Assembly, in order to express its devotion to the maintenance of peace and its resolve to sustain the action of the Security Council of the United Nations in defence of peaceful peoples against aggression, calls for the immediate creation of a unified European Army subject to proper European democratic control and acting in full co-operation with the United States and Canada …".
Very often we hear European leaders referring to European values, but recent EU policy or perhaps should I say lack of ability to make decisions based on 'good for the people judgement' made us Europeans feel not like being at home. Europe became home for everyone who wants to call it home. What is this EU army about then? Was Churchill not calling for creation of North Atlantic Alliance, between North American and European states based on the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949?
Structure and Governance
PESCO will have a two-layer structure:
Council Level: Responsible for the overall policy direction and assessment mechanism to determine if Member States are fulfilling their commitments.
Projects Level: PESCO's effectiveness will be measured by the projects it will develop. Each project will be managed by those Member States that contribute to it.
The official EU statement is: The aim is to jointly develop defence capabilities and make them available for EU military operations. This will thus enhance the EU’s capacity as an international security partner, also contributing to protection of Europeans and maximise the effectiveness of defence spending.
EU will not require it members to spend 2% of GDP, which is going against NATO commitments. Is it then right to say that military alliance signed almost 70 years ago is slowly coming to its end?
Ministers from all EU countries except for Portugal, Denmark, Ireland, Malta and the UK committed to new European military project. Is it fulfilment of testament which left Winston Churchill or is it ambition of new raising Superpower in Europe which takes power not from the people but dangerous ideology again?